One day two Clevelanders - Dr. J Lang Cassels, a chemist, and Ohio's geologist Charles Whittlesey, explored the wilds around Upper Michigan and came back with samples and facts and dream inspiring talk. The land was rich with iron ore. Cleveland's enterprise nerve twitched and men with money and courage pitched into what was to be the city's greatest industry - Iron and Steel.
The industrial revolution of the 1860s and Civil War demanded torrents of iron, and Cleveland delivered. Mammoth ore carrying ships were emblazened with the names of their founders, all of them industrial millionaires; steel mills and refineries were cropping up all over the city and steel rails for steam-puffing iron mistresses were being made to build tracks for the goods that would soon be coming in.
|John D. Rockefeller and family in Cleveland|
|Entrance to Sylvester Everett's Mansion|
Cleveland's Euclid Avenue, otherwise known as Millionaire's Row, became the residential street of some of the most influential families in American history and their lavish estates.
|Samuel Andrews Estate|
During the mid-1800s several hundred mansions were built between East 20th and East 40th streets.These huge estates had broad sweeping lawns, ornate architecture and wondrous landscapes. Philanthropists and industrial tycoons like Rockefeller, Mather, Wade, Severence, Gund, and Stone and political figures such as John Hay, Tom Johnson and Leonard Hanna all made Euclid Avenue their home and their playground.
|Amasa Stone, John D Rockefeller, and Sylvester Everett|
- Luther Allen House (7609 Euclid Avenue)
- Morris Bradley Carriage House (7217 Euclid Avenue)
- John Henry Devereaux (3226 Euclid Avenue)
- Francis Drury House (8625 Euclid Avenue)
- Hall-Sullivan House (7218 Euclid Avenue)
- Howe Residence (2248 Euclid Avenue)
- Samuel Mather Residence (2605 Euclid Avenue)
- Stager-Beckwith House (3813 Euclid Avenue)
- Lyman Treadway House (8917 Euclid Avenue)
- H.W. White Residence (8937 Euclid Avenue)
|Sylvester Everett's Mansion|
These homes were all once stunning monuments to America’s growing prosperity, but now they sit like ancient relics of the past. And only a hint remains of what once was “ the most beautiful street in America.”